Kho - Kho is a popular Indian traditional game which originated in Pune Gymkhana, Maharashtra. As per the Kho- Kho Federation of India (K.K.F.I), the game is played in 2 innings by 12 nominated players on each side out of 15. Nine players start the game and 3 are kept as reserve. One team chooses to become the “chasers” and the other “defenders” or “runners”. The chaser pursues the runners; tags and touches them and makes them out. Each team has to chase and defend for 9 minutes. This is repeated twice in a match.
Kho Kho was derived from the different strategy and tactics of "Kurukshetra" war in Mahabharatha. The game is based on natural principles of physical development and fosters a healthy combative spirit of the term “understanding”. The chariot fight during the war and zigzag pathways followed by the retreating soldiers indicate the information of Chain Play - defense skill in the game of KHO KHO. On the 13th day of the war, the chief of Kaurav army, Guru Dronacharya drew a typical strategic formation - CHAKRAVYUH (circular formation) keeping Jayadratha at the main entrance with seven soldiers to draw in and kill the enemy. Veer Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna, entered into the trap ... Read More
In the year 1936, during the event of BERLIN OLYMPICS, one kho kho Team from Pune (India) exhibited the salient features of the game of Kho Kho at Berlin. Which was highly appriciated by
Kho Kho made its entry into INTERNATIONAL SPORTS arena via 1st ASIAN KHO KHO CHAMPIONSHIP held at Kolkata, India in 1996, organized by West Bengal kho kho association under the auspices of Kho Kho Federation Of India and SIAN Kho Kho Federation on "Tera Flex" Court at Netaji Subhash Indoor Stadium, Kolkata, West Bengal, India in a most befitted manner.
India and Bangladesh were Winner and Runner up respectively.
Kho Kho is looking forward for a glorious entry into INTERNATIONAL SPORTS arena very soon.
The game of KHO KHO is based on natural principles of physical development & developing all motor abilities of a person/player. It is vigorous and fosters a healthy combative spirit among youth. It's not merely running with speed but to chasing with a natural instinct to overtake, pursue, catch and kill as done in an ancient time when men tried to kill animals with a hard chase & running skills. No doubt, speed is the heart of the game and to stand to a relentless pursuit of 9 minutes at a stretch (Turn), the heart demands stoutness and stamina. In turn, a physically fit youth enjoys it and the spectators who watch enjoy a thrilling sport to their satisfaction.
The Kho- Kho playground is rectangular. It is 27 meters in length and 15 meters in breadth. There are two rectangles at the end. One side of the rectangle is 16 meter and the other side is 2.70 meters. In the middle of these two rectangles, there are two wooden poles. The central lane is 21.60 meters long and 30cm x 30cm area on the lane. There are eight cross lanes which lie across the small squares and each of it is 15 meters in length and 30cm in breadth. These are at right angles to the center lane and are divided equally into two parts of 7.30m each by central lane. At the end of the central lane, two posts are fixed. They are 120cm above the ground and their circumference shall be not less than 30cm and not more than 40cm. The post is wooden which is smooth all over. The posts shall be fixed firmly in the free zone tangent to the post-line at a height between 120 to 125cm. The top of the post is flat and free from any sharp edges.
Ground is rectangular in shape and to be made either in outdoor or indoor. In outdoor, it should be made on a leveled clay surface and in indoor, it should be made on a wooden surface/synthetic mat as prescribed.